Is Christianity Dying In Europe


Christianity is a religion with a long and diverse history in Europe. From the ancient Greeks to the Roman Empire and beyond, Christianity has been an important part of European culture and society for centuries. In recent years, however, Christianity has become increasingly marginalized in Europe, and there is a growing sense that Christianity is in decline. This article explores the idea of Christianity being in decline in Europe, discussing the various factors that have contributed to the current state of affairs and the opinions of experts on the subject.


Christianity is believed to have been introduced to Europe by the Apostle Paul in the 1st century AD. Since then it has become the most widespread religion in Europe, and today there are hundreds of millions of Christians in Europe. However, in recent years, Christianity has experienced a decline in many aspects. In terms of religion, the number of people in Europe who self-identify as Catholic, Protestant, or Orthodox Christians is declining as more people declare themselves to be unaffiliated with any religion or belief system. In addition, many aspects traditionally associated with Christianity, such as weekly attendance at church, have declined sharply over the past few decades.

Reasons for Decline

The decline in the practice of Christianity in Europe is due to a combination of factors. One of the most commonly cited is the increasing secularization of European societies. In Europe, there is a greater openness to different belief systems, and as a result, more people are rejecting the traditional Christian beliefs and practices. In addition, the increased mobility of people in Europe is allowing for greater contact between different cultures and religions, and this has led to the growth of other religions in Europe such as Islam, Buddhism and Hinduism.

Data and Statistics

The decline of Christianity in Europe is supported by a number of statistics. According to the Pew Research Centre, in 2017, the share of people in Europe who identify as Christian fell from 80% to 70%. At the same time, the share of people who identified as religiously unaffiliated grew from 16% to 27%. In addition, statistics from the European Social Survey show that the average weekly attendance at religious services has fallen from 40% in 2002 to just 22% in 2016.

Opinions of Experts

The opinions of experts on the decline of Christianity in Europe vary. Some argue that it is a natural consequence of the modern world and is part of the shift away from traditional religious beliefs. Others argue that it is part of a more general decline in religious belief and practice that is happening across the western world. Still, others argue that the decline of Christianity in Europe is more the result of negative attitudes towards the religion, and its associated practices.

Analysis and Insight

From an analysis of the data and opinions of experts, it is clear that Christianity is in decline in Europe. This has a number of implications for both individual Christians and the Christian church as a whole. On an individual level, this may lead to a further decline in religious belief and practice, as well as a decrease in the number of people involved in churches and religious organizations. For the Church as a whole, this could lead to fewer resources available and a reduction in the influence of Christianity in Europe.

Political Challenges

The decline of Christianity in Europe has led to a number of political challenges. In particular, it has made it more difficult for Christian parties and politicians to gain a foothold in the political landscape, with some observers arguing that they are becoming increasingly marginalised. In addition, it has made it more difficult for the Church to influence public policy and future legislations.

Impact on Culture

The decline of Christianity in Europe is also having an impact on the culture of the region. One of the most visible changes is the waning influence of the Church in the arts and entertainment, with popular culture becoming more focused on secular themes and ideas. Additionally, the traditional values of Christianity are becoming less important in defining the moral standards of European societies.

Impact on the World

The decline of Christianity in Europe also has implications for the wider world. On a spiritual level, it is a sign that people in Europe are becoming less religious and, thus, less connected to the teachings of Christianity. On a political level, it could mean that the European Union (EU) is less able to act in support of Christian causes around the world, such as the protection of religious freedom or the rights of persecuted minorities.

Implications for the Future

It is unclear what the future holds for Christianity in Europe. Some experts argue that it will continue to decline, while others suggest that it will experience a revival. Either way, it is clear that the current state of Christianity in Europe is cause for concern and suggests that if action is not taken to address the factors contributing to its decline, then it could eventually become a marginalized religion.

Alternative Perspectives

Some experts argue that the decline of Christianity in Europe is part of a larger trend of increasing religious pluralism across the world. They point to other regions such as the United States, where the percentage of people who identify as Christian has stayed about the same despite the growth of other religions. Thus, rather than being a sign of the death of Christianity in Europe, the experts contend that it is a sign of a healthy trend towards increased diversity and acceptance of other religions.

Future of Church

The decline of Christianity in Europe is likely to have a significant impact on the future of the Church. With attendance at religious services declining and fewer people identifying as Christian, it is likely that the Church will have to undergo a period of adjustment to adapt to its changing context. This could involve a shift away from traditional teachings and practices, as well as a reconsideration of the role of the Church in society and its focus on evangelism.

Response of Church

The Church in Europe has responded to the decline of Christianity with a mixture of acceptance and resistance. On one hand, many church leaders recognize that their faith is facing an uncertain future and are embracing the opportunities that come with increased diversity in beliefs and practices. On the other hand, some church leaders are more resistant to change and are struggling to adjust to the changed landscape.

Civil Disobedience

The decline of Christianity in Europe has also led to a rise in civil disobedience, with church leaders and believers taking to the streets to protest laws that they consider to be contrary to their faith. These protests have been met with a mix of support and opposition, with some arguing that the Church is out of touch with the modern world and that civil disobedience is a necessary step to resist laws that are seen as oppressive.


The decline of Christianity in Europe is a sign of the times, and it is a challenge that the Church must address if it is to remain relevant and influential in the modern world. The responses from both church leaders and believers suggest that the Church is willing to adapt, but there is still a long way to go before it can reclaim the position it once held as the dominant religion in Europe.

Jennifer Johnson is an experienced author with a deep passion for exploring the spiritual traditions of different cultures and religions. She has been writing about religion and spirituality for the past ten years in both print and digital platforms, engaging readers in meaningful dialogue about the soul's journey through this life. With degrees in Comparative Religion and English Literature, she brings an insightful perspective to her work that bridges the gap between traditional knowledge and modern theories. A lifelong traveler, Jenn has lived in multiple countries exploring various paths to understanding faith, and her dedication to learning new things is palpable in every piece she creates.

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