Is There Christianity In South Korea


South Korea is a country with a rich cultural and spiritual history. Christianity has been an important part of the South Korean spiritual life since the 19th century when foreign missionaries first arrived. Christianity grew as a result of the introduction of new schools, hospitals and churches that promoted Christianity. There are now an estimated 10 million Christians in South Korea, making it one of the most Christian countries in Asia. Although the Christian faith is widely practiced in South Korea, it still has unique challenges to face.

History of Christianity in South Korea

Christianity was first introduced to South Korea in the mid-19th century with the first missionaries arriving in Seoul in 1884. In the early years, Christianity was mainly practiced by the upper classes who were educated and had money to send their children to the churches. This changed in the 1950s when the Korean War brought about an influx of foreign missionaries who were determined to spread the gospel. By the 1960s, the Korean Presbyterian Church had become the most popular religion in the country and the number of believers had grown exponentially. However, during this period, the church was forced to face intense challenges from the oppressive government regime. During the 70s and 80s, many churches were closed down and believers persecuted as the government sought to suppress any religious activity it viewed as a threat.

Religious landscape and Challenges

South Korea is now a thriving Christian population and is home to many different denominations including Protestant, Catholic, Baptist and other Christian denominations. According to a study conducted by the Seoul Research Institute, there are now more than 10 million Christians in South Korea, representing around 15 percent of the population. Despite the popularity of Christianity in South Korea, the Church still faces some serious challenges. The most pressing issue is the rise in secularism in recent times, which has led to growing numbers of people who do not hold any religious beliefs. Additionally, the South Korean government has a very limited recognition of the Church and does not offer as much support to it as other religions. Furthermore, the Church must also contend with traditional Confucian values and cultural beliefs, which can be hostile towards the Christian faith.

Christians in South Korea and their beliefs

Christians in South Korea come from a variety of backgrounds and adhere to a wide range of beliefs. For many, their faith is the center of their lives and is the cornerstone of their entire worldview. The most popular denomination in South Korea is Presbyterianism, with the Church of God, Reformed and Baptist faiths also popular. Christians in South Korea typically have a conservative viewpoint, with most taking an anti-abortion stance and actively opposing divorce rates. Additionally, many South Korean Christians are in favor of traditional values such as the family unit and are very vocal in their opposition to gender and sexual equality.

Christianity and South Korea’s Cultural Identity

Christianity has had a significant impact on South Korea’s cultural identity and many aspects of South Korean society are now deeply rooted in their Christian faith. There are a variety of Christian organizations and events throughout the country that promote the faith, such as the annual Easter egg hunt in Seoul. Additionally, the South Korean government has set aside a large amount of funding for Christian organizations, with the country’s largest universities offering Christian-related courses. As a result, Christianity has become a key part of South Korea’s cultural identity and is embraced by many in the country.


With an estimated 10 million Christians living in South Korea, it is clear that Christianity is a major part of the spiritual life of the country. Christianity has a long history in South Korea and has had a significant impact on the country’s culture and society. Despite some challenges, the Christian faith is still widely practiced in South Korea and has become firmly rooted in the country’s cultural identity.

Jennifer Johnson is an experienced author with a deep passion for exploring the spiritual traditions of different cultures and religions. She has been writing about religion and spirituality for the past ten years in both print and digital platforms, engaging readers in meaningful dialogue about the soul's journey through this life. With degrees in Comparative Religion and English Literature, she brings an insightful perspective to her work that bridges the gap between traditional knowledge and modern theories. A lifelong traveler, Jenn has lived in multiple countries exploring various paths to understanding faith, and her dedication to learning new things is palpable in every piece she creates.

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