Which Is Older Judaism Christianity Or Islam

Religious hierarchy

It’s no surprise that for centuries, theologians, scholars, and historians have argued about the hierarchy of the Abrahamic religions – Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. Although all three of these faiths have roots in the Torah stories from the Old Testament, as well as common Abrahamic traits, there is still debate about which is the oldest and which one has the most influence on world culture.

When looking at historical information, it becomes clear that Judaism is the oldest of the three, believed to have originated from the times of Abraham around 1700 BCE. The other Abrahamic religions of Christianity and Islam followed much later – Christianity beginning in the 1st century CE, and Islam in the 7th century. This order of origin is also reflected in certain aspects of the religions, such as the spread of their populations – Christianity is the largest at over 2 billion adherents, followed by Islam at 1.9 billion and Judaism at 14 million.

While Judaism precedes the other two religions in terms of origin and population, it’s also seen as a precursor in terms of religious practice. It has been argued that both Christianity and Islam are direct descendants of Judaism, borrowing many of its belief systems and practices. Christianity kept the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) as part of its sacred texts, but added the New Testament, representing a more modern break from Judaism. Islam, on the other hand, identified with the core values of Judaism and Christianity, but added the Koran as its scripture.

In terms of philosophy and theology, Judaism and Islam share many similarities due to the fact that they arose in similar socio-cultural contexts in the Middle East. Both religions emphasize strict monotheism, and both have strict dietary laws and fasting periods. Additionally, the two faiths share a belief in the importance of social justice and equitable care for the vulnerable and poor.

Insights from experts

To really get to the heart of this debate, it’s important to look at what experts in the field have to say about the hierarchy of these three faiths. Religious scholars point out that, in many ways, Christianity is a continuation of Judaism. According to one source, “Christianity grew out of the Judaism of its founder, Jesus of Nazareth, and continued to follow many of the same beliefs and practices.”

Some experts also note that, while Judaism and Christianity share some commonalities, they also have some distinct differences. For example, Christianity is a Trinitarian religion – meaning it includes the belief that God is composed of three persons – while Judaism is strictly monotheistic. Additionally, Christianity identifies itself as messianic, while Judaism does not.

As for Islam, compared to Judaism and Christianity, some experts point out that it adds a unique element. According to one source, “There is a certain uniqueness to Islam that the other two faiths do not share – the idea of a universal caliphate, or ruling authority.” This element is seen as a key component of the Islamic faith, and provides additional clarity about its role in the hierarchy.

Different Perspectives

It’s important to note that there is no singular opinion on the hierarchy of these three faiths. In fact, there are many different perspectives on the matter, depending on whom you ask. For instance, some people believe that the current order of origin – Judaism, followed by Christianity and then Islam – accurately reflects the importance of each faith. To them, Judaism is the most established of the three, followed by Christianity and then Islam.

On the other hand, there are those who believe it’s wrong to place hierarchical importance on any of the three religions. To them, it’s more important to recognize the commonalities between the Abrahamic faiths, and to celebrate the diversity and unity they represent. This can be seen in how some religious scholars emphasize the interconnected nature of the three faiths, identifying each as equally divine.

Religious authority

Despite different opinions on the hierarchy of the Abrahamic religions, it’s important to remember that the authority to determine the order of importance lies not with people, but with the faiths themselves. Each faith has a clear set of beliefs and practices which influence how it interacts with other religions, and it’s up to each individual adherent to decide where their faith lies in the hierarchy.

The truth is that, despite differences in origin and beliefs, all three of the Abrahamic faiths share many profound connections. While there will likely always be debate about which is the oldest or most important of the three, the real point is that each faith deserves to be celebrated and respected in its own right.

Analysis and Insights

When it comes to the hierarchy of the three Abrahamic faiths, it’s clear that each has its own unique place within the broader religious landscape. Judaism is widely seen as the oldest and the most influential, but Christianity and Islam are equally important and influential in their own right.

That said, it’s worth noting that the attention given to debates over hierarchy can sometimes distract from the core issue at hand: how the Abrahamic faiths complement and influence one another, which ultimately leads to growth and unity. Instead of focusing on which faith is more important or influential, we should focus on how each faith can be appreciated, respected, and celebrated for its unique contributions to our world and culture.

Comparisons of Religious Practices

Comparing the various religious practices related to the Abrahamic faiths provides additional insight into their similarities and differences. All three faiths have their own sets of rituals, practices, and customs, which allow adherents to express their spirituality.

For example, all three have ways of honoring and celebrating holidays. Judaism has Yom Kippur, Christianity has Christmas, and Islam has Ramadan. Additionally, all three also have specific dietary laws – Judaism has Kashrut, Christianity includes fasting days, and Islam has Halal dietary rules.

Each faith also has its own way of publicly expressing religious devotion. Judaism has prayer and worship services, Christianity has prayer, readings, and hymns, and Islam has five-time daily prayer. Analysis of religious practices like these reveals the interconnectedness of the three Abrahamic faiths, further underscoring the importance of celebrating them each in their own right.

Sacred Texts Comparison

Another way of understanding the hierarchy of the three Abrahamic faiths is by comparing their sacred texts. For example, Judaism firmly embraces the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh), which serves as the basis for its beliefs. Christianity also includes this text in its bible, but includes the New Testament as well. Finally, Islam includes the Koran with its text as the primary source of religious instruction.

Through this comparison, it’s evident that each faith has its own unique approach to scripture, reflecting its distinct origin and purpose. Additionally, by looking at the texts side-by-side, it’s easy to see the commonalities between the three Abrahamic faiths. This provides additional insight into their intertwined and equally important role in the religious hierarchy.


The Abrahamic religions of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam have been a part of human history for millennia, and will likely continue to play an important role for centuries to come. Although there is debate about their order of origin and importance, one thing is for sure: each faith should be respected and celebrated for its unique beliefs, practices, and contributions to our world. By recognizing the similarities and differences between them, we can appreciate the interconnectedness of the Abrahamic faiths and the important role they play in our lives.

Josephine Beck is a passionate seeker of religious knowledge. She loves to explore the depths of faith and understanding, often asking questions that challenge traditional beliefs. Her goal is to learn more about the different interpretations of religion, as well as how they intersect with one another.

Leave a Comment