Who Are The 3 Gods Of Hinduism

Who Are The 3 Gods Of Hinduism


Hinduism is one of the oldest world religions and is the third-largest religion in the world following Christianity and Islam. It is the dominant faith of India and Nepal. Hinduism centers around the belief in a supreme God or divine being, usually referred to as Brahman, who is omnipresent and has many manifestations in the world. There are three main gods or deities revered in Hinduism, known as the Trimurti, which means “three forms.” These gods are Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva.


Brahma, leader of the Trimurti, is the god of creation. In Hinduism, he is seen as the father of the universe, with his wife Saraswati, having created its form. Brahma is often depicted with four heads on a strong and powerful body, each head symbolizing knowledge and listening to the Vedas (sacred texts).
Brahma bridge (Chakra) is a god who is both the creator and destroyer of the universe, responsible for its cycle of creation, maintenance and dissipation. He is believed to live in the highest part of the world, Satyaloka, where he carries out the cycle of creation and destruction. Brahma is also frequently featured as a character in important Hindu texts and is believed to be Ahura Mazda in the ancient Iranian faith of Zoroastrianism.


Vishnu is the god of divine preservation, maintaining the cycle of creation and regeneration in the universe. He is the preserver of cosmic order, appears in the form of a Vishnu avatar for each age, and is often depicted with four arms, balancing a conch, discus, mace, and lotus flower.
Vishnu is popularly considered to be the supreme being, and it is said that Vishnu has ten avatars, including Rama and Krishna. According to myth, it was Vishnu who descended to Earth in the form of a fish during a great flood, guiding humanity’s ancestors to safety on a boat.


Shiva is the god of dissolution, the destroyer of worlds. He is usually depicted as a lean and muscular figure with a blue throat and adorned with a snake and a matted mane encircling his scalp. The third member of the Trimurti, Shiva is responsible for the end of the cycle of creation, ensuring that the universe is destroyed and then recreated. He is regarded as a god of great wisdom and knowledge and is seen as the guardian of yogis and ascetics.
Shiva is common in Hindu art and is often worshipped in Hindu temples. He plays a significant role in the well-known story of Rama’s cycle when the monkey god Hanuman helps detect Shiva’s wife, the goddess Sita. Shiva is also important within the Shaivism Hindu sect.

Connotation Of The 3 Gods Of Hinduism

The Trimurti of Hinduism symbolize the inseparable unity of all existence, which is seen in the creation-preservation-destruction cycle. The symbolism of Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva represents the progression of the creation process and how it needs all three aspects to function successfully.
Brahma is the beginning, initiating the creation process. Vishnu is the maintenance and sustenance, preserving and protecting what has been created. Shiva represents the end, dissolving and destroying the universe when it is time for the cycle to start anew. As a Trimurti, their relationship symbolizes the essence of unity in diversity and is fundamental to Hindu belief.

Practice & Worship Of The 3 Gods Of Hinduism

The worship of the Trimurti has been a part of Indian culture for centuries. It is believed that the three gods must be worshiped together in order to reach spiritual enlightenment and oneness with the divine. Worshippers of the Hindu gods usually perform puja (rituals) that involve chanting sacred mantras, offering flowers and incense, and singing devotional songs. The goal of worship is to reach a higher level of understanding and to commune with the divine.
Various Hindu traditions include different ways to venerate the Trimurti. Vaishnavism focuses on Vishnu, Shaivism on Shiva, and Shaktism on the divine feminine power of the goddesses. Despite the differences in worshipping style, the three gods are still typically honored in Hindu rituals.

Symbolism of the 3 Gods Of Hinduism

The Trimurti each have their own symbolic representation. Brahma is symbolized by a swan and is connected with knowledge and learning. Vishnu is represented by a boar, the embodiment of strength, power, and stability. Shiva is associated with a bull and has the power to ignite and transform consciousness.
The symbolic animal representations of the Trimurti are frequently found in Hindu art and architecture, particularly in temples. Freestanding sculptures and reliefs depicting these symbols are also a common sight in many Hindu places of worship and symbolize the unifying power of the Trimurti.

Relationship Of The 3 Gods Of Hinduism

The relationship of the Trimurti gods is often described as a multi-directional cyclic relationship: Brahma creates and sustains the universe, Vishnu is responsible for the maintenance and order of the universe, and Shiva initiates the process of dissolution and rebirth.
The Trimurti, along with other important Hindu gods, such as Devi, Ganesha, and Hanuman, are seen as expressions of a single divine principle. This principle is represented in all aspects of the universe, from the minutest particles to the visible and invisible realms. The three gods are thus considered to be aspects of one divine being and are deeply connected to each other.

Interaction Of The 3 Gods Of Hinduism

The Trimurti demonstrate a sense of co-existence and unity and are seen as three aspects of one divine being. This unity is revealed in stories and philosophies of Hinduism that describe how the three gods interact with and influence each other. For example, Vishnu is said to be Brahma’s projector and Shiva is described as the source of Vishnu’s role.
In some schools of thought, the gods Brahma, Vishnu and Shiva are seen as separate deities, with distinct personalities. Other interpretations suggest that the three gods function to complement each other in the cosmic cycle of the universe, balance each other’s roles, and move together to sustain the oneness of the divine.

Impact Of The 3 Gods Of Hinduism

The symbolism and relationship of the Trimurti demonstrate the harmony and unity that exists in Hinduism. These gods are popularly worshiped throughout India and abroad, and the reverence for them reflects the deep faith that Hindus have in their divine oneness.
Belief in the Trimurti is the foundation of Hinduism, and understanding the different aspects of their relationship and symbolism can bring a sense of wholeness and connection to the divine. The three gods are integral to the Hindu worldview and faith, and honoring them helps provide a spiritual grounding and connection to Hindu tradition and culture.

Jennifer Johnson is an experienced author with a deep passion for exploring the spiritual traditions of different cultures and religions. She has been writing about religion and spirituality for the past ten years in both print and digital platforms, engaging readers in meaningful dialogue about the soul's journey through this life. With degrees in Comparative Religion and English Literature, she brings an insightful perspective to her work that bridges the gap between traditional knowledge and modern theories. A lifelong traveler, Jenn has lived in multiple countries exploring various paths to understanding faith, and her dedication to learning new things is palpable in every piece she creates.

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