How Many Types Of Christianity Is There

Christians Around The World

Christianity is one of the world’s largest religions and is practiced by millions of people across the globe. With such a wide base of adherents and their differing cultural backgrounds, it is no surprise that different interpretations and practices of the faith exist. In general, two main types of Christianity can be identified – Eastern and Western. Within these two main branches, there are a variety of other related types of Christianity.

The Eastern branch is separated into the Greek Orthodox, Russian Orthodox, Coptic, Armenian, Assyrian, and Ethiopian Christian churches and the Oriental Orthodox family, comprised of the Coptic, Syrian, Armenian, and Indian Orthodox churches. These churches tend to have a more conservative attitude toward beliefs and practices than those found within Western branches of Christianity.

The Western branch of Christianity encompasses the Roman Catholic, Anglican, and Protestant churches. Roman Catholicism is the oldest and is the largest of the three. Following the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century, Protestant and Anglican churches developed. All churches within the Western branch can be further divided into smaller denominational categories.

Differences between the two main branches go beyond just church leadership and principles of worship. Eastern Christians, for example, admit to the use of icons in their form of worship and interpret the Bible’s moral code in a different light than Western churches. Political authority and regional customs have also shaped the way these churches interpret the Bible and practice their faith.

Yet there are some core beliefs that unify the different types of Christianity. Salvation, for example, is seen as a gift from God and accepted through faith in Jesus Christ. Christian scripture, the Bible, is seen as the source of truth and the basis for all Christian faith and practice. All Christians believe in the one God who exists in three persons; the Father, Son and Holy Spirit, and that Jesus Christ was God incarnate and his death and resurrection serves as the central belief of salvation.

Modern Christianity

Modern Christianity is a vast umbrella of beliefs, practices and values that often cross the boundaries of traditional denominations. It includes new forms of church, such as megachurches, house churches, and Church Planting. It also includes a variety of Christian movements and networks, including Evangelicalism, Pentecostalism, the Charismatic Movement, and the Emerging Church. These movements have brought about a cultural revolution, breaking down the walls between denominations and cultures and encouraging diversity within the faith.

At the core, modern Christianity works to bring Christians back to the fundamentals of the faith and encourage them to form a more unified body. It is also a way to counter the growing anti-Christian attitudes in the world, by challenging people to consider Christianity in a more insightful way. Different sects and movements often come together to discuss their beliefs, share experiences, and pray for a better world.

Overall, there are hundreds of denominations within Christianity, each with a unique approach to assembling community, engaging in worship and practice, interpreting scripture, and articulating beliefs. In the past, denominational differences were marked by heated debates and even military conflict, but in the present climate, many of these divisions are transcended as Christians work together to spread the faith.

Different Approaches to Worship

The psychology of worship has been studied for centuries, providing an insightful look into the many different approaches to individual practice. Every Christian denomination has its own standard of what it considers proper worship. Eastern denominations, for example, usually emphasize a more traditional form of worship based on repetitive chants, long prayers, and the burning of incense.

Western churches, however, tend to take a more accessible approach with lay-led services, multimedia presentations, and challenging sermons. Orthodox churches tend to have a focus on the liturgy and the communal experience, while Protestant churches emphasize the importance of the individual relationship with God and being a witness to the faith.

The way people approach worship can also differ due to their particular cultures and geographic locations. Rural Christian communities may focus on interactive services and alternating preachers, while more urbanized churches may rely on multimedia presentations and large events.

The diversity in approaches to worship is a testament to the creativity and complexity of Christianity. It is also a reflection of the differences in interpretation of scripture and traditions within the faith. In the end, the goal of worship for all types of Christianity is to bring people closer to God, but different denominations may have different ways to achieve this.

Development of Belie fs

The development of beliefs within Christianity is largely a product of the interpretations made by its leaders. Different theologians, authors, and teachers have had an impact on how individuals understand and interpret scripture. Early writers, such as Augustine and Aquinas, left a major impact on the development of Christian thought and their writings are still heavily cited in the present day.

The Protestant Reformation of the 16th century marked a major watershed in the development of Christianity. It saw a shift away from reliance on the Catholic Church and prompted the rise of a new set of beliefs. This was reflected in the new focus on vernacular languages instead of Latin, and the development of new forms of religious expression, such as art and music.

More recently, the internet has enabled a more rapid spread of ideas across denominations and locations. Online resources and social media have made it easier for individuals to access information and engage with others of their faith. This has further contributed to the development of modern Christianity, with more people from various backgrounds and locations having access to the latest and most pertinent theological debates.

Debates Around the Faith

Christianity has always been a deeply divided faith, with deep schisms and splits existing within the different types. Protestants and Catholics have long held debates around their respective theological points of view. These often-contentious disagreements have resulted in regional economic and political loyalties as well as regional tolerance for different religious practices.

In more recent times, debates around Christian beliefs have evolved to encompass more global views. Issues such as immigration, poverty, and global warming have had a profound impact on the way people interpret and practice their faith. Social media has also helped to facilitate debates on various topics from doctrine to social and political issues.

Rise of Secularism

Parallel to the debates surrounding Christian beliefs and practices is the debate over how to reconcile the faith with a growing secular society. This has been a major agenda of modern Christianity, with different sects working to bridge the gap between the two without compromising their beliefs. As secularism continues to grow in many parts of the world, the need to maintain a balance between religious convictions and personal integrity is only increasing.

Effects of Secularism On Christianity

In many countries, the effects of secularism can be felt within Christianity. This has been reflected in the increasing abandonment of traditional beliefs and practices. In the US, for example, megachurches have sprung up in many major cities, featuring contemporary services and modern themes. The music and dress has seen an update from more traditional forms, and the message is tailored for the contemporary audience.

The rise of the non-religious has also impacted Christian beliefs and attitudes. Animosity between believers and non-believers has become a factor in the public discourse, and intolerance for different denominations within Christianity has also increased. This has made it more difficult for the Church to present a unified message, as different sects and denominations advocate for their own beliefs.


In conclusion, Christianity is a diverse faith that encompasses a variety of types, style of worship, branches interpretations, and denominations. With a rich history of development, this faith continues to evolve as different sects debate and struggle to reconcile their beliefs with a growing secular society. Despite divisions and debates, Christianity stands as one of the world’s oldest and most widespread religions and its adherents remain dedicated to its teachings and beliefs.

Jennifer Johnson is an experienced author with a deep passion for exploring the spiritual traditions of different cultures and religions. She has been writing about religion and spirituality for the past ten years in both print and digital platforms, engaging readers in meaningful dialogue about the soul's journey through this life. With degrees in Comparative Religion and English Literature, she brings an insightful perspective to her work that bridges the gap between traditional knowledge and modern theories. A lifelong traveler, Jenn has lived in multiple countries exploring various paths to understanding faith, and her dedication to learning new things is palpable in every piece she creates.

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