What Does Christianity Say About Abortion


Christianity is one of the largest and most influential religions in the world, and its stance on abortion is one of the most discussed and examined topics in modern society. Abortion is defined as the termination of an undelivered pregnancy, and is generally considered an ethical or moral decision. While there is no clear answer on the permissibility of abortion for Christians, there are a number of ways to approach this question. This article aims to provide insight on the various perspectives and opinions on abortion from within the Christian faith, as well as shed light on the values, beliefs and sources that inform each of these opinions.

Examining Christianity and Abortion

At the heart of Christianity is the belief in the value of human life. All people, from the unborn child to those nearing the end of their lives, are deemed of equal value and dignity. This means that any decision regarding the termination of a pregnancy is made with careful consideration to this recognition of value.
Another way to approach the question of abortion is to examine the teachings of Jesus. Jesus preached to be loving and compassionate towards all, and recognized that every human life is valuable. This has led some Christians to argue that the termination of any life goes against Jesus’s teachings.
In contrast, there are those who feel that abortion is permissible in some cases. Many point to the teachings in the Bible that place the importance of protecting the rights of the mother above those of the fetus. Some argue that if the woman is in a situation where the risks of continuing the pregnancy outweigh the benefit to her health and wellbeing, then abortion is an ethical decision.

Political and Social Context of Abortion

The political and social context of abortion is an important factor to consider when it comes to how a Christian interprets and applies the teachings of Jesus. In the United States, for example, abortion is largely thought to be a moral decision rather than one of religious conviction. While many religious organizations in the U.S. oppose abortion, individual Christians often hold nuanced opinions on the matter.
In some parts of the world, abortion is illegal. In these places, the social and political context can be more stark and influence how some Christians view abortion. Abortion is often equated with murder, and Christians in regions with restrictive abortion laws may be more likely to be opposed to abortion as a matter of conviction.

The Role of Scripture in Reaching a Conclusion

The Bible is an important source of reference for Christians. There is no clear answer to the abortion question, but some passages in the Bible provide insight on when abortion may be considered permissible.
For example, in Exodus 20:13, the Bible states: “Thou shalt not kill”. While this is often interpreted as an absolute rule against ending any life, some people take a more nuanced perspective and see it as a call to preserve life whenever possible. They argue that, in cases where the preservation of the mother’s life is dependent on the abortion, abortion may be seen as an ethical option.
Other passages, such as Romans 2:21-22 and Matthew 5:27-28, are interpreted by many as a source of lasting care for the unborn child, and an appreciation for what it means to be human. In contrast, some Christians point to passages like Exodus 21:22-23 as grounds to allow abortion in some cases, where the mother’s life is threatened.
In the end, many Christians agree that abortion should be avoided whenever possible. Yet, at the same time, they believe that there may be ethical cases in which abortion is necessary and permissible.

Differing Views of Christian Clergy

The opinion of the Christian clergy on abortion is often of great importance to Christians looking for guidance on this issue. The clergy are responsible for providing their congregations with accurate information on such matters.
Generally, senior clergy members lean towards a more conservative approach, whereas more junior clergy members may be more liberal in their view. While the stance of senior church leaders may be seen as authoritative and broadly accepted, there are often different opinions from junior clergy members on how to approach this difficult topic.

Fairness of Access to Abortion

For some, the fairness of access to abortion is an important consideration. In countries where abortion is illegal, access to safe and affordable abortion is often limited or non-existent. Laws that restrict access to abortion disproportionately impact women in poverty and amplify the inequalities between the rich and poor.
In these cases, some Christians argues that an individual’s right to determine what happens to their own body should be respected, regardless of economic or social status. They believe that lack of access to safe and affordable abortion denies some people their basic human rights and endangers the lives of women.


In conclusion, the Christian approach to abortion can be complex and nuanced. There are a number of different perspectives and opinions on the matter that must be taken into consideration. Ultimately, individual Christians must weigh these various perspectives and form their own opinion, taking into account their own values, beliefs, and sources.

Adoptive Parenting

For some, abortion is seen as a way to avoid bringing a child into the world if the mother is not prepared or able to raise the child. As such, many Christians have argued in support of adoptive parenting as a better alternative.
Adoption allows an individual or couple to provide an unwanted or abandoned child with a loving home. For Christians who prioritize the value of life, this can be seen as a positive alternative to abortion. In this sense, adopting an unwanted child is seen as a way to provide them with a chance at life and a loving family.
At the same time, there are some who reject the value of life in unplanned pregnancies, despite the option of adoption. They fear that allowing life to go ahead only worsens the suffering of the child, due to issues such as poverty, abuse, or neglect that could potentially arise.

The Impact of Education

Education is seen as an important part of preventing unplanned pregnancies and reducing the need for abortion. One goal of proponents of education as a preventative measure is to reduce the number of abortions while preserving the rights of individuals and couples to make decisions regarding their reproductive health.
In this sense, teaching individuals and couples about safe reproductive health practices, the consequences of unplanned pregnancy, and the importance of adoption, are all seen as ways to reduce the need for abortion and to instill a sense of responsibility in making reproductive health decisions.

The Need for Supportive Services

In addition to education, many Christians agree that increased access to supportive services makes it easier for women to make informed decisions about their reproductive health. These services have been found to be beneficial to those who seek them out, as they provide information, advice, and moral support to these individuals.
For example, there are a number of organizations and services that provide counseling and assistance on matters related to abortion, such as alternatives, information about legal aspects, financial aid, and mental health support.
The availability of these services is seen by many as a necessity in order to provide women with the tools needed to make informed decisions about their reproductive health without judgement.

The Role of the Church Community

The role of the Christian community in regards to abortion is often neglected, but it is very important. The Christian community can provide spiritual guidance, comfort, and understanding to those affected by the question of abortion.
The church can serve as a safe place to discuss this difficult subject and can provide a supportive environment for those dealing with the emotional and psychological pain that often comes with it.
In addition, the Christian community is often a source of strength during difficult times, and acts as an important support system. Through community prayer and counseling, as well as sharing and listening to stories, the church can provide comfort and understanding to those in need.

Jennifer Johnson is an experienced author with a deep passion for exploring the spiritual traditions of different cultures and religions. She has been writing about religion and spirituality for the past ten years in both print and digital platforms, engaging readers in meaningful dialogue about the soul's journey through this life. With degrees in Comparative Religion and English Literature, she brings an insightful perspective to her work that bridges the gap between traditional knowledge and modern theories. A lifelong traveler, Jenn has lived in multiple countries exploring various paths to understanding faith, and her dedication to learning new things is palpable in every piece she creates.

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