What Does Hinduism Say About Christianity

Hinduism and Christianity are two of the world’s oldest and most influential religions, spanning centuries and bridging oceans of explanation and interpretation. This article aims to explore what Hinduism has to say about Christianity, providing an overview of the two faiths and the respective ideologies.

Hinduism is a complex, multi-continental religion that has greatly influenced the culture of South Asia, where it is the major faith, and which has now spread throughout the world. It is thought to date back to approximately 4000 BC, making it one of the oldest surviving religions in human civilization. Hinduism is polytheistic, believing in multiple gods who, like themselves, are a part of the same Brahman, or ultimate spirit. It also includes philosophical and ethical teachings on life, suffering and the importance of respect, social codes and religious rituals.

Christianity, on the other hand, is believed to be founded by Jesus Christ around 2000 years ago. It is a monotheistic religion built on Judeo-Christian principles, and focuses on the life of Jesus and the teachings of the Bible. Christianity is composed of Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant sects and has spread far beyond its original roots in the Middle East. It is widely practiced, with the latest surveys indicating that it is the largest religion in the world.

Hinduism has traditionally viewed Christian missionaries with both curiosity and cautiousness, intrigued and appalled by the power of their ideas and unified faith structure, as well as perplexed by their notion of a singular, omnipotent god. Major Hindu texts, such as the Bhagavad Gita and the Upanishads, characterize a range of perspectives on this. Historically, Christian texts were seen as another sacred tradition that was worthy of respect, alongside Hindu scriptures. Some traditional Hindu texts grant Christianity a special place, as a spiritual path that was necessary for the progress of human civilization, even as they saw it as a foreign faith.

Today, it is a popular opinion that Christianity is compatible with Hinduism, though it is recognized as a different religion. Modern Hindu leaders caution against the dangers of ‘proselytization’ and the social injustice caused by converting people to Christianity, while most contemporary Christian apologists accept Hinduism as a valid religious tradition. It is claimed by some, on both sides, that similarities between Hinduism and Christianity help bring the two religions closer together, despite their obvious differences in beliefs. This has led to an emphasis on commonalities in spiritual understanding between Hinduism and Christianity, as well as various interfaith dialogues and appreciation of the shared sacred traditions of East and West.

Scriptural Comparisons

The comparison of Hindu and Christian scriptures is a traditional exercise of both religions. Internally, Hindus debate the spiritual and philosophical nature of Christian teachings to locate similarities in the foundational principles of Christianity, while Christian theologians debate the relevance of Hindu scripture to the Christian faith. Externally, there are several specific points of comparison, most notably the concept of reincarnation, which is part of the Hindu belief system, and the concept of original sin and redemption, prominent in Christian faith.

The Hindu conception of karma and the notion of the atman are also compared to the Christian understanding of grace and the soul. Both religions recognize the concepts of salvation and karma, though they differ in their explanations for these phenomena. Additionally, both believe in the principle of non-violence, as seen in the Hindu Ashrama System and Gandhian teachings, as well as Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount.

Researchers have drawn comparison between several famous characters from the two faiths, most notably the Hindu avatar Krishna and the Christian Messiah, Jesus Christ. From a theological standpoint, some assert that Krishna and Jesus were similar in symbolic representation of virtue and their mission to bring about the shift in human consciousness.

Interfaith Perspectives

The growth in interfaith dialogue between Hinduism and Christianity has contributed to a growing understanding of the similarities between Hinduism and Christianity. Many Hindus regard Christianity as a distinct religion, separate from Hinduism, though containing much of the same moral and philosophical principles. Christians, on the other hand, are beginning to recognise the depth of the Hindu beliefs and are gradually understanding the core principles that lie in each of the two religions.

The Catholic Church, in particular, has opened the possibility of an inter-religious dialogue, commissioning books on Hinduism in the wake of the ecumenical and inter-religious movements of the Second Vatican Council. Catholic theologians, such as Karl Rahner and Lateran Councils, argue thatthere is spiritual fertility in the Hindu and Catholic religions, a common ground for dialogue, although there are many differences. Similarly, modern Jesuits are engaging with Hinduism and exploring it, producing works that compare Hindu religious practice and theory with Christian concepts, stressing the value of unity between the two faiths.

Modern Hinduism has responded to the interfaith attempts of Christianity with the goal of collaboratively identifying overlapping values and themes between the two religions. This includes initiatives around social justice issues, such as poverty alleviation, environment protection, and women’s rights, as well as spiritual initiatives, such as meditation and yoga. There are also a number of interfaith initiatives organized betweenindividual Hindu and Christian practitioners, such as prayer groups and workshops.

Relevance Today

The dialogue between Hinduism and Christianity, and the search for common ground between the two faiths, is continuing to grow today. This is reflected in the increasing number of interfaith dialogues and initiatives, as well as a growing number of books and studies, attempting to bridge the theological divide between the two religions. This trend is likely to continue, as both religions seek to gain a greater understanding of each other. However, it is important to recognise that the dialogues, initiatives and works between the two faiths are far from haphazard – these attempts, however different, all involve constructive engagement with the principles and values of the two faiths in a respectful, mutual context.

Religious Frontier

Hinduism and Christianity represent two of the world’s oldest and largest religious traditions, and as such, they are naturally subject to a wide variety of interpretations and interpretations and approaches. Additionally, there are a plethora of idiosyncratic religious practicesand techniques, many of which are deeply rooted in their respective faiths. As religious and spiritual practices and beliefs continue to evolve in the 21stcentury, the religious frontier between the two faiths will likewise experience the emergence of new and innovative approaches that could further bridge the gap between them.

The rise of modern technology has enabled increased contact and connectivity between people of different faiths, thus facilitating the rapid growth of interfaith dialogue. This is likely to be a significant factor in furthering the mutual understanding and appreciation between Hindus and Christians in the years to come.


Theology, the belief and practices concerning the divine, is seen by many as a critical aspect of the relationship between Hinduism and Christianity. Some theologians argue that both faiths can be seen as complementary, as opposed to mutually exclusive or contradictory. These theologians see Hinduism as a valid religious tradition, acknowledging the fundamental principles of Hinduism while also observing the uniqueness of its belief system. Christianity, in turn, is viewed as a distinct religious tradition, which nonetheless can still draw upon the wisdom of Hindu scripture and traditions.

This view of inter-religious dialogue is exemplified by modern spiritual leaders, such as Raimon Panikkar, Herman Hesse, and Swami Vivekananda. These thinkers cite the importance of respecting the spiritual and philosophical differences between the two faiths, while also recognizing the commonalities of human experience across religions. This allows for a more constructive and respectful dialogue between the two faiths, leading to a greater appreciation of the shared elements between them.


Hinduism and Christianity are two of the world’s oldest and most influential religions, and the relationship between them is complex and ever-evolving. This article has explored what Hinduism has to say about Christianity, and has provided an overview of the many views, theories and approaches to understanding their differences and similarities. Ultimately, it is clear that although each religion has distinct beliefs and faith structures, there also exists an opportunity to bridge the gap between them, if both sides are willing to engage in constructive and respectful dialogue.

Jennifer Johnson is an experienced author with a deep passion for exploring the spiritual traditions of different cultures and religions. She has been writing about religion and spirituality for the past ten years in both print and digital platforms, engaging readers in meaningful dialogue about the soul's journey through this life. With degrees in Comparative Religion and English Literature, she brings an insightful perspective to her work that bridges the gap between traditional knowledge and modern theories. A lifelong traveler, Jenn has lived in multiple countries exploring various paths to understanding faith, and her dedication to learning new things is palpable in every piece she creates.

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