Is There Christianity In India

Christianity is the world’s largest faith based out of the Bible. Though its roots stretch far beyond its origin in the Middle East, it is difficult to pinpoint Indian christians’ exact beginnings. Most historians agree that Christianity has been present in India since at least the first century AD. Christianity is one of India’s most widespread religions today — and one of the longest-standing.

It is believed that St Thomas, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus Christ, first brought Christianity to India in the first century CE. He settled in the south-western state of Kerala and founded St Thomas Christian churches in different parts of the region. He believed strongly in the teachings of Jesus and made many converts in India.

Most Christians in India are concentrated in the south of the country. Kerala is home to a large majority of India’s Christians, making up nearly 24 percent of the state’s population. Christians have also been present in other states, as well as some urban centres, for centuries.

Christianity in India has experienced multiple waves of reformation and growth. In the late 1400s, the Syriac Orthodox Church began to win converts. Later, in the 1500s and early 1600s, the Portuguese embarked on efforts to propagate Catholicism and build new churches in coastal India.

The Christian population in India has grown over time, now accounting for around 2.3 percent of the population. But Indian Christians are still largely underrepresented in Indian politics and decision-making. Christians have also faced persecution in certain parts of the country, discriminated against on the basis of their beliefs.

In spite of the challenges, Indian Christians remain an important part of Indian society. They contribute to the economy, as well as to social and charitable initiatives. Indian churches also campaign for significant causes and for the protection of civil rights for Christians, as well as galvanizing support for Christian events and initiatives across the country.

Modern Christianity in India

Today, several main sects or denominations can be found among Indian Christians. The main branches are Roman Catholicism, the Syrian Orthodox Church, Protestantism, the Indian Orthodox Church, and a range of smaller, independent denominations. Each sect or denomination is unique in its beliefs and liturgical practices, but they all share the same foundation of scriptures and teachings.

Christianity is growing in India, but at a slower rate than in other parts of the world. While the majority of Indian Christians are located in the south, there are also large communities in the northern states, as well as rural and tribal areas. The wider acceptance and availability of Christian literature, materials and media has aided its spread in India, as have the various charities and missionary groups that have worked to bring Christianity to some of the country’s most remote and impoverished communities.

Despite all this, Christianity continues to face some specific challenges in India. One key issue is a lack of access to quality education and resources for Indian Christians, making it difficult for this faith to grow and develop further. Additionally, Hindu and Muslim conservatives sometimes view Christianity with a sense of suspicion and mistrust, which can lead to persecution and discrimination in certain areas.

That said, Christianity has a long and respected history in India, and it continues to be an important part of Indian culture. Indian Christians have established schools, hospitals, libraries and other institutions that work to serve the common good of their communities and beyond. Government policies actively promote the rights of minorities, and India’s century-old Christian heritage continues to be celebrated, respected and defended.

Indian Culture and Christianity

Indian culture and Christianity are closely intertwined. Christianity has found its place within Indian society — it has adapted itself to India’s context, integrating local customs and traditions such as festivals, celebrations and pilgrimages into its own practices. Indian churches are often vibrant in their organization and structure, making it easy for those of different backgrounds to come together under the umbrella of Christianity.

Equally, Christianity has had a significant impact on Indian culture and social life. The church has been instrumental in leading social movements and campaigns for justice, human rights and peace. It has encouraged interfaith dialogue and promoted a culture of tolerance and acceptance of differences. Indian Christians also remain faithful to their traditional faith even during times of persecution and discrimination.

The growing presence of Christianity in India has been a source of hope and optimism for many. It has provided a platform to promote equality, pluralism and dialogue among different faiths. Equally, Indian Christians have embraced the message of Christ with open arms, helping to spread his word, and encouraging people of other faiths to come and join them.

Christian Charitable Activity in India

Christian charitable activity in India can be traced back to the advent of the faith in the first century. Many Christians are active in providing aid and assistance to disadvantaged communities, such as widows, orphans, lepers and the poor. Indian Christians have been engaged in improving the quality of life of their fellow citizens through healthcare, education and welfare services.

The Church has also been involved in the advancement of justice and human rights across India. It has been at the forefront of campaigns for social justice, promoting equality and ensuring proper protection of minority rights. In addition, Christian charities and organisations are also heavily involved in disaster relief and other social initiatives.

Christianity has been central to India’s history and identity, and its presence continues to be felt in many parts of the country. From its influence on culture and society, to its humanitarian and charitable activities, Christianity remains an integral part of Indian life.

Christian Organizations in India

There are many Christian organisations in India that are dedicated to supporting and promoting the faith. Some of these organisations provide resources and support for Christian communities in various parts of India, while others are focused more on evangelism and mission work. These organisations are a source of strength for Indian Christians and have helped to spread the message of Christ’s love and compassion.

One of the biggest Christian organisations in India is the All India Christian Council (AICC). It is an association of Christian religious leaders and organisations that seeks to advance the cause of Indian Christianity. The AICC works to protect the rights of Christians and supports the development of Christian education, healthcare and social welfare initiatives.

Other prominent Christian organisations in India include Christian Television Network (CTN), Catholic Bishops Conference of India (CBCI) and Indian Missionary Society (IMS). These organisations work to advance the faith in India through evangelism, media, education, humanitarian projects and other social initiatives. Their work is playing an important role in promoting Christianity and helping to spread its message of love, peace and justice.

Christian Education in India

Christian education has been a cornerstone of Indian Christian communities for centuries. It dates back to the time of St Thomas, who is credited with teaching Christianity’s first converts in India. Since then, Christian education has grown significantly, with thousands of Christian schools and colleges now operating across India.

These institutions provide quality education for the Christian community, imparting Christian values and equipping students with the tools to develop into responsible citizens. Christian schools provide a safe and secure environment and equip students with the knowledge and skills to live life guided by Christian principles.

Christian schools also provide opportunities for Christian missionaries to reach out to those who are in need. Many of these schools run outreach programmes that seek to address poverty and other social issues. Through these initiatives, they are able to spread the Christian message and share God’s love and compassion with those who need it the most.

Indian Christians have long been committed to promoting the cause of education, and Christian schools and colleges have played a key role in the development and progress of Christian communities in India. As a result, Christian education continues to be an important and vibrant part of Indian Christianity.

Indian Policy Towards Christians

The Indian government has taken positive steps towards inclusivity and protecting minority rights, by introducing a variety of measures to promote equality and support the rights of the Christian community. These include the introduction of quality education, access to health centers and other welfare schemes. The government also provides protection against discrimination to Christians.

In recent years, the Indian government has set up a Christian Ministry to promote the welfare and development of Christian communities in India. It works to provide support to Christian schools, churches and other institutions. The Ministry also facilitates dialogues and meetings to help strengthen the bond between the Christian and Hindu communities.

In addition, the Government of India has also put in place special scholarships to encourage Christian students to pursue higher education. It has also provided financial help to aid churches in setting up schools and churches, as well as providing resources to help Christian organisations deliver their social services.

Overall, the Indian government has been proactive in recognizing the importance of Christianity in India, and has taken positive steps to protect and promote the rights of Christians. Its policies are ushering in a new era of inclusivity and greater acceptance for the Christian community in India.


Christianity in India is an ancient faith that has flourished and grown over centuries. Indian Christians have made significant contributions to the Indian economy and society, and have established schools, hospitals, libraries and other institutions for the public good. Indian culture and Christianity are closely intertwined, and the Church has played a key role in leading social movements and campaigns for justice, human rights and peace.

The Indian government has taken steps to safeguard the rights of Christians, introducing a variety of measures to promote equality and support religious minority rights. From Christian education to charitable activity, Christianity continues to play an important role in Indian life, and it shows no signs of slowing down.

Jennifer Johnson is an experienced author with a deep passion for exploring the spiritual traditions of different cultures and religions. She has been writing about religion and spirituality for the past ten years in both print and digital platforms, engaging readers in meaningful dialogue about the soul's journey through this life. With degrees in Comparative Religion and English Literature, she brings an insightful perspective to her work that bridges the gap between traditional knowledge and modern theories. A lifelong traveler, Jenn has lived in multiple countries exploring various paths to understanding faith, and her dedication to learning new things is palpable in every piece she creates.

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