What Is The Purpose Of Marriage In Judaism

Definition Of Marriage

Marriage in Judaism is defined as a sacred and legal union between two people of the opposite sex who agree to spend the rest of their lives together. This union is not just a physical relationship, but one that involves a deep emotional and spiritual bond as well. The purpose of marriage in Judaism is to establish a secure and loving relationship between two people of the same faith, in order to bring forth stability and order to society, and to help nurture and develop the faith of both parties.

Religious Significance

According to Jewish teachings, marriage is considered to be a religious obligation, with its primary purpose being the deepening of spiritual connection between two people. While marriage is also a civil law and a social contract, the primary focus is on the spiritual bond and understanding that is created between two individuals. This bond requires two people to commit to one another and to build a life together, while at the same time helping one another draw closer to God.

Rituals And Customs

In Judaism, marriage is typically marked by various customs and rituals. One such ritual is the ‘Kiddushin’, which is a ceremony where the marriage is officially recognized by each of the partners as well as by God. During this ceremony, a Jewish priest, known as a ‘Mazkir’, will also bless the bride and groom in the name of God. Another common ritual is the ‘Sheva B’rachot’ which is a series of seven blessings that are recited by the ‘Mazkir’ during the marriage.

Marital Responsibilities

Marriage in Judaism also has practical responsibilities, such as creating a secure home and providing for one’s spouse and children. This includes providing for the physical and emotional needs of the family. Jewish couples are also expected to practice fornication, abstaining from sexual relations with anyone else except for each other. In addition, honoring the Sabbath, studying and living in accordance with halacha, or Jewish law, are all expected of married couples.


In Judaism, marriage is seen as a contract between two people and not between God and an individual. This means that if the marriage does not work out, it is permissible for either of the parties to obtain a divorce. However, the process of obtaining a divorce is often very long and difficult, and the couple must go through certain stages such as counseling and mediation before a divorce can be finalized by Jewish law.

Importance Of Marriage In Society

Marriage in Judaism is important both to the family unit and to society at large. It serves to provide stability and a sense of belonging to the couple and to their families. It also serves to deepen the connection between God and individuals, and it helps to create and maintain physical and emotional boundaries between two people. In addition, it provides children with security, family structure, and role models as they develop through life.

Impact Of Marriage On Health

Studies have shown that marriage in Judaism has a great impact on the physical and mental health of both spouses. Married couples have been found to have lower levels of psychological distress and better health outcomes when compared to those who remain single. Married couples also have higher levels of mutual understanding and support, which can help to alleviate stress and lead to better overall mental health.

Secure Environment

Marriage in Judaism also provides a secure and safe environment for couples to grow and develop both spiritually and emotionally. It allows for the exploration of difficult and uncomfortable subjects, while offering a space in which to be open and honest with one another. Additionally, it allows each partner to learn and grow together in ways that would not be possible if they were alone.

A Lasting Commitment

The purpose of marriage in Judaism is to create a lasting commitment between two people of the same faith and create a loving and caring home. Marriage in Judaism brings together two individuals who share similar values and religious beliefs while also creating a consistent and secure environment in which to raise children. Ultimately, it is a beautiful union that helps both partners to grow closer to God, and to each other.

The Role Of Religion In Marriage

The purpose of marriage in Judaism is to provide a space and an environment for both partners to deepen their faith and understanding of the religion, with the intention of connecting with God. Jewish teachings emphasize that marriage, supported by the framework of Jewish law provides an avenue for self-actualization and growth through intertwined spiritual and communal development.

Marriage As A Bond

Marriage in Judaism serves to form an indissoluble bond between two people, both emotionally and spiritually. It requires two people who are committed to each other, who share a mutual bond of faith and understanding. This bond is essential to creating a stable home life and a lasting commitment of love between the two people. Additionally, this bond facilitates growth not only in the couple, but also within their families.

Civil Implications In Marriage

Marriage in Judaism also has a civil dimension, with implications in both Israeli and diaspora communities. In Israel, marriage is controlled by the Orthodox Rabbinate, meaning that non Orthodox Jewish marriages are not recognized by the government. But outside of Israel, Jewish couples are free to marry in whichever way they wish, providing the marriage is legally recognized by the government of the country in which they live.

Family Expectations

In Judaism, marriage is not just between two individuals, but also between two families. It is considered to be a shared responsibility which involves both families in both the joys and the difficulties of the relationship between the couple. Each family has a role to play in supporting the couple and in helping to nurture and maintain the relationship. Furthermore, the families involved must work together to keep the couple’s relationship strong and fulfilling.

Resolution Of Conflicts

Due to the complexity of marital relationships, there are often times of difficulty and disagreement between a married couple. In Judaism, it is expected that married couples learn how to resolve their conflicts in a productive manner and with mutual respect. Furthermore, it is encouraged that couples learn both the practical and spiritual lessons from disagreements, with the goal of strengthening their bond both emotionally and spiritually.

Marriage And Love

Love is often seen as an essential element of marriage in Judaism, and it is considered to be a critical factor in strengthening a long-lasting relationship. In Jewish tradition, it is believed that a strong love between two people is necessary in order to foster an atmosphere of understanding and respect. Furthermore, it is seen as a way to bring one another closer to God, and to ensure the couple has a secure and fulfilling relationship.


Marriage in Judaism is a sacred and legally binding union between two people of the same faith, and its purpose is to provide stability, security and mutual understanding between the two parties. Jewish teachings emphasize that a marriage strengthens the bond between a couple and with God, while also providing a strong and loving family environment for both partners and any children that may enter their lives. Ultimately, marriage in Judaism is about forming a lasting connection between two people and deepening the relationship between them and their faith.

Josephine Beck is a passionate seeker of religious knowledge. She loves to explore the depths of faith and understanding, often asking questions that challenge traditional beliefs. Her goal is to learn more about the different interpretations of religion, as well as how they intersect with one another.

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